ESDoc
Manual » Usage

Tags

Documentation tags are similar to JSDoc tags.

e.g.

/**
 * this is MyClass description.
 * @example
 * let myClass = new MyClass();
 */
export default class MyClass {
  /**
   * this is constructor description.
   * @param {number} arg1 this is arg1 description.
   * @param {string[]} arg2 this is arg2 description.
   */ 
  constructor(arg1, arg2) {...}
}

All Tags

For Common

@access

syntax: @access <public|protected|private>

Alias are @public, @protected and @private.

/**
 * @access public
 */
class MyClass {
  /**
   * @private
   */
  _method(){...}
}

@deprecated

syntax: @deprecated [description]

/**
 * @deprecated use MyClassEx instead of this.
 */
class MyClass{...}

@desc

syntax: @desc <description>

<description> supports markdown.

Normally you don't need to use @desc, because first section in doc comment is determined automatically as @desc.

/**
 * @desc this is description.
 */
class MyClass{...}

/**
 * this is description.
 */
class MyClass{...}

@example

syntax: @example <JavaScript>

/**
 * @example
 * let myClass = new MyClass();
 * let result = myClass.foo();
 * console.log(result);
 * 
 * @example
 * let result = MyClass.bar();
 * console.log(result);
 */
class MyClass{...}

And you can use <caption>...</caption> at first line.

/**
 * @example <caption>This is caption</caption>
 * let myClass = new MyClass();
 */
class MyClass{...}

@experimental

syntax: @experimental [description]

/**
 * @experimental this class includes breaking change.
 */
class MyClass{...}

@ignore

syntax: @ignore

The identifier is not displayed in document.

/**
 * @ignore
 */
class MyClass{...}

syntax: [email protected] <identifier>}

link other identifier

/**
 * this is MyClass.
 * If device spec is low, you can use [email protected] MySimpleClass}.
 */
class MyClass{...}

@see

syntax: @see <URL>

/**
 * @see http://example.com
 * @see http://example.org
 */
class MyClass{...}

@since

syntax: @since <version>

/**
 * @since 0.0.1
 */
class MyClass{...}

@todo

syntax: @todo <description>

/**
 * @todo support multi byte character.
 * @todo cache calculation result.
 */
class MyClass{...}

@version

syntax: @version <version>

/**
 * @version 1.2.3
 */
class MyClass{...}

For Class

@extends

syntax: @extends <identifier>

Normally you don't need to use @extends. because ES2015 has the Class-Extends syntax. however, you can use this tag if you want to explicitly specify.

/**
 * @extends {SuperClass1}
 * @extends {SuperClass2}
 */
class MyClass extends mix(SuperClass1, SuperClass2) {...}

@implements

syntax: @implements <identifier>

/**
 * @implements {MyInterface1}
 * @implements {MyInterface2}
 */
class MyClass {...}

@interface

syntax: @interface

/**
 * @interface
 */
class MyInterface {...}

For Method And Function

@abstract

syntax: @abstract

class MyClass {
  /**
   * this method must be overridden by sub class.
   * @abstract
   */
  method(){...}
}

@emits

syntax: @emits <identifier> [description]

class MyClass {
  /**
   * @emits {MyEvent1} emit event when foo.
   * @emits {MyEvent2} emit event when bar.
   */
  method(){...}
}

@listens

syntax: @listens <identifier> [description]

class MyClass {
  /**
   * @listens {MyEvent1} listen event because foo.
   * @listens {MyEvent2} listen event because bar.
   */
  method(){...}
}

@override

syntax: @override

class MyClass extends SuperClass {
  /**
   * @override
   */
  method(){...}
}

@param

syntax: @param <type> <name> [-] [description]

About <type> to see Type Syntax

class MyClass {
  /**
   * @param {number} p - this is p description.
   */
  method(p){...}
}

@return

syntax: @return <type> [description]

About <type> to see Type Syntax

class MyClass {
  /**
   * @return {number} this is description.
   */
  method(){...}
}

If return Object, you can use @property <type> <name> [description] for each properties.

class MyClass {
  /**
   * @return {Object} this is description.
   * @property {number} foo this is description.
   * @property {number} bar this is description.
   */
  method(){...}
}

@throws

syntax: @throws <identifier> [description]

class MyClass {
  /**
   * @throws {MyError1} throw error when foo.
   * @throws {MyError2} throw error when bar.
   */
  method(){...}
}

For Member And Variable

@type

syntax: @type <type>

About <type> to see Type Syntax

class MyClass {
  constructor() {
    /**
     * @type {number}
     */
    this.p = 123;
  }
}

If you use get/set syntax, you can specify @type.

class MyClass {
  /** @type {string} */
  get value() {}

  /** @type {string} */
  set value(v){}
}

If <type> is Object, you can use @property <type> <name> [description] for each properties.

class MyClass {
  constructor() {
    /**
     * @type {Object}
     * @property {number} p.foo
     * @property {string} p.bar
     */
    this.p = {foo: 123, bar: "abc"};
  }
}

For Virtual

@external

syntax: @external <identifier> <URL>

/**
 * @external {XMLHttpRequest} https://developer.mozilla.org/en/docs/Web/API/XMLHttpRequest
 */

@typedef

syntax: @typedef <type> <name>

About <type> to see Type Syntax

/**
 * @typedef {number|string} MyType
 */

If <type> is Object, you can use @property <type> <name> [description] for each properties.

/**
 * @typedef {Object} MyType
 * @property {number} foo this is description.
 * @property {string} bar this is description.
 */

For Test

@test

syntax: @test <identifier>

/** @test {MyClass} */
describe('MyClass has foo bar feature', ()=>{

  /** @test {MyClass#baz} */
  it('MyClass#baz returns magic value', ()=>{
    assert(true);
  });
});

Type Syntax

@param, @return, @type and @typedef are support the following type syntax.

Simple

/**
 * @param {number} param - this is simple param.
 */
function myFunc(param){...}

Array

/**
 * @param {number[]} param - this is array param.
 */
function myFunc(param){...}

Object

/**
 * @param {Object} param - this is object param.
 * @param {number} param.foo - this is property param.
 * @param {string} param.bar - this is property param.
 */
function myFunc(param){...}

/**
 * this is object destructuring.
 * @param {Object} param - this is object param.
 * @param {number} param.foo - this is property param.
 * @param {string} param.bar - this is property param.
 */
function myFunc({foo, bar}){...}

Record

/**
 * @param {{foo: number, bar: string}} param - this is object param.
 */
function myFunc(param){...}

/**
 * this is nullable property
 * @param {{foo: ?number, bar: string}} param - this is object param.
 */
function myFunc(param){...}

/**
 * this is object destructuring.
 * @param {{foo: number, bar: string}} param - this is object param.
 */
function myFunc({foo, bar}){...}

Generics

/**
 * @param {Array<string>} param - this is Array param.
 */
function myFunc(param){...}

/**
 * @param {Map<number, string>} param - this is Map param.
 */
function myFunc(param){...}

/**
 * @return {Promise<string[], MyError>} this is Promise return value.
 */
function myFunc(){...}

Function

/**
 * @param {function(foo: number, bar: string): boolean} param - this is function param.
 */
function myFunc(param){...}

Union

/**
 * @param {number|string} param - this is union param.
 */
function myFunc(param){...}

Nullable And Not Nullable

/**
 * @param {?number} param - this is nullable param.
 */
function myFunc(param){...}

/**
 * @param {!Object} param - this is not nullable param.
 */
function myFunc(param){...}

/**
 * @param {?(number|string)} param - this is nullable and union param.
 */
function myFunc(param){...}

Spread

/**
 * @param {...number} param - this is spread param.
 */
function myFunc(...param){...}

Optional And Default

/**
 * @param {number} [param] - this is optional param.
 */
function myFunc(param){...}

/**
 * @param {number} [param=10] - this is default param.
 */
function myFunc(param){...}

Identifier Syntax

<identifier> supports following syntax.

  • class: MyClass
  • method and member: MyClass#foo
  • static method and member: MyClass.bar
  • function and variable: myFunc, myVariable

if same names in your project, you can use full identifier syntax. full identifier is filePath~identifier.

e.g. If MyClass in src/foo1.js and src/foo2.js, you can write following,

  • src/foo1.js~MyClass
  • src/foo2.js~MyClass